Download E-books Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art PDF

Modern theories of which means often culminate in a critique of technology. This ebook offers a examine of human intelligence starting with a semantic thought and prime right into a critique of music.

By implication it units up a concept of all of the arts; the transference of its uncomplicated innovations to different arts than song isn't really constructed, however it is sketched, in general within the bankruptcy on inventive import. considerate readers of the unique variation came upon those far-reaching principles speedy sufficient because the profession of the e-book indicates: it's as acceptable to literature, artwork and tune as to the sector of philosophy itself.

The issues it bargains with are many: language, sacrament, fantasy, song, abstraction, truth, knowledge--to identify merely the most ones. yet via all of them is going the vital subject matter, symbolic transformation because the crucial task of human minds. This important suggestion, emphasizing because it does the inspiration of symbolism, brings Mrs. Langer's e-book into line with the existing curiosity in semantics. All profound problems with our age appear to focus on the elemental techniques of symbolism and which means. The formative, artistic, articulating energy of symbols is the tonic chord which thinkers of all faculties and lots of varied fields are unmistakably extraordinary; the unbelievable, far-reaching implications of this new primary belief represent what Mrs. Langer has referred to as "philosophy in a brand new key."

Mrs. Langer's booklet brings the dialogue of symbolism right into a wider common use than feedback of note which means. Her quantity is full of life, powerful, and good written and may attract each person attracted to the modern difficulties of philosophy.

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Yet, while the story-hero is anyone overcoming own opponents—father, grasp, brothers, or rivals—the culturehero is guy, overcoming some of the best forces that threaten him. A tribe, no longer a unmarried inventor, is unconsciously pointed out, with him. The surroundings of his drama is cosmic: hurricane and evening are his foes, deluge and demise his ordeals. those are the realities that motivate his dream of deliverance. His activity is the regulate of nature—of earth and sky, plants, rivers, season— and the conquest of demise. simply because the fairytale served to elucidate a private surroundings and human kinfolk in its secondary characters, its kings, witches, ghosts, and fairies (which have been frequently pointed out with actual beings and so abstracted from the mere tale), so the culture-hero's tale furnishes symbols of a much less own encircling truth. The hero's exploits are lareelv make-believe even to their inventors; however the forces that problem him are apt to be taken heavily. They belong to the genuine global, and their symbols suggest anything past the pipe dream within which they have been formulated. Maui is a superman, a wishful model of human energy, ability, and value: yet his position one of the forces of nature is Man's personal position. the place did he come from? From nature, from heaven and earth and sea. In cosmic phrases, he got here "out of the evening. " In human phrases he got here out of lady. In his mvth, consequently, he's descended from Hine-nui-te-po, nice girl of evening. thirteen The Polynesian notice "Hine" (variants "Hina," "Ina") has an enticing etymology. on its own, it sort of feels to be consistently both a formal noun or an adjective connoting both mild "See Dixon, op. cit. , p. fifty two; Shortland, op. cit. , p. 23; Westervelt, op. cit. , p. 133; for whole family tree see Andersen, op. cit. , p. 182. LIFE-SYMBOLS: THE ROOTS OF delusion 151 (e. g. white, faded, glimmering) or falling, declining; in composite phrases it always refers to lady. 14 As a reputation, it denotes the lady or maiden of such-and-such personality^ a bit just like the Greek Kore, the aggregate of universal and correct that means offers the be aware a generalizing functionality; for this reason it applies with exact aptness to supernatural beings which, as we've seen, are generalized personalities. 15 but if a number of personages endure an analogous identify simply because they've got basically an identical symbolic worth, they obviously are inclined to merge. considering that each "Great Woman," "Mountain Maid," "Mother," or "She" is lady, we discover an exceptional confusion of Hinas. In Polynesian mythologies a number of the Hina characters are constructed customarily as secondary figures within the tale of Maui. they seem as his mom, sister, grandmother, or first actual ancestress. As few English readers are conversant in the legend, i'll cartoon in brief crucial stories of this strong, mischievous, and terrific hero. 1. the hunt of fireplace. Maui used to be the youngest of 4 or 5 brothers, all named Maui with a variety of epithets. The Mauis have been all silly other than this youngest son, who was once amazing from his infancy. He have been upfront born, and his mom Hina, no longer drawn to the sort of weakling, threw him into the ocean.

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