By Thomas Jovanovski
During this provocative paintings, Thomas Jovanovski provides a contrasting interpretation to the postmodernist and feminist interpreting of Nietzsche. As Jovanovski keeps, Nietzsche’s written proposal is in particular a sustained activity aimed toward negating and superseding the (primarily) Socratic ideas of Western ontology with a brand new desk of aesthetic ethics - ethics that originate from the Dionysian perception of Aeschylean tragedy. simply because the Platonic Socrates perceived a urgent want for, and succeeded in constructing, a brand new world-historical ethic and aesthetic course grounded in cause, technology, and optimism, so does Nietzsche regard the rebirth of an previous tragic mythos because the car towards a cultural, political, and spiritual metamorphosis of the West. besides the fact that, Jovanovski contends that Nietzsche doesn't recommend any such radical social turning as an lead to itself, yet as basically the main consequential prerequisite to knowing the culminating item of his «historical philosophizing» - the outstanding visual appeal of the Übermensch.
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Additional info for Aesthetic Transformations: Taking Nietzsche at His Word (American University Studies)
Nonetheless, little will be positioned forth in accordance with Kaufmann’s undeveloped declare that during the sunrise (or dawn) we discover Nietzsche engaged in a “respectful critique of Socratic doctrines. ” At top, we would signify his evaluate as unbelievable vis-à-vis Nietzsche’s depiction within the related textual content of Socrates and Plato because the such a lot noteworthy “heirs” of the “universal insanity and presumption that there exists wisdom as to the fundamental nature of an motion” (116). What approximately Kaufmann’s selection that during The homosexual technology we're confronted with “as remarkable a tribute as Nietzsche, or a person else, ever paid to anyone”: “I appreciate the braveness and knowledge of Socrates in all he did, said—and didn't say”? Kaufmann could were correct had within the homosexual technology Nietzsche 02. qxd 5/9/07 6:57 AM web page fifty three critique of walter kaufmann fifty three written that and not anything extra relating Socrates. but even the part during which this passage seems indicates that the item of Nietzsche’s admiration isn't really Socrates’ philosophical gravity, yet his personality. an identical part additionally attracts awareness to Nietzsche’s aversion to Socrates’ final phrases in Plato’s Phaedo: “Crito, we should supply a cock to Asclepius. See to it, and don’t disregard” (118a). As Nietzsche places it: Is it attainable guy like him, who had lived cheerfully and prefer a soldier within the sight of everybody, must have been a pessimist? He had in basic terms stored a contented mien whereas concealing all his existence lengthy his final judgment, his inmost feeling. Socrates, Socrates suffered lifestyles! after which he nonetheless revenged himself—with . . . [that] veiled, grotesque, pious, and blasphemous announcing. Did a Socrates desire one of these revenge? Did his overrich advantage lack an oz of magnanimity? —Alas, my neighbors, we needs to triumph over even the Greeks! within the gentle of the apparent language those traces converse, we will be able to achieve no different end: The testimony Kaufmann believes he should have to be able to turn out his foundational hypothesis—namely, “that Nietzsche in simple terms sought after the guy Socrates whereas hating the outlook he embodied is untenable”—does now not exist right here. And if lets now not distill the facts he's after from the part which includes Nietzsche’s ostensibly so much laudatory connection with Socrates, then we'd most probably locate it very unlikely to spot such proof within the remainder of The homosexual technological know-how. 7. “Zarathustra,” Kaufmann proceeds along with his chronological survey of Nietzsche’s corpus, includes no specific point out of Socrates; nonetheless, at the least “two of its chapters can't be competently understood except Nietzsche’s admiration for Socrates: ‘On the buddy’ and ‘On loose dying. ’ ” whereas “Nietzsche’s scornful phrases approximately love of one’s neighbor are identified good sufficient . . . the foremost sentence of the bankruptcy ‘On Neighbor-Love’ shouldn't be overlooked: ‘Not the neighbor do I train you however the pal’ ” (402). Nietzsche’s “high esteem for the Greeks is a commonplace,” Kaufmann says—yet many have determined to disregard his “great debt to Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics” through supposing that he “wanted to come back to the pre-Socratics.